Section II

WHAT RIGHTS DO STUDENTS HAVE?

All students have the right to an educational setting that is safe, orderly, and free from disruption.

A. Educational Opportunity

1. Every student has the right to an education relevant to his/her needs and abilities and a corresponding responsibility not to deny this right to any other student.
2. No individual shall be subject to prejudicial treatment or to abridgment of his/her right to attend and benefit from public school on the basis of any of the following, but not limited to: ethnic identity, religion, color, sex, political belief, mental or physical challenge, or for the exercise of his/her rights within this policy.

B. Participation in Educational Decisions
1. In grades 7-12, there shall be established and elected student government with membership open to all students. The student government will establish reasonable standards for candidates for offices. All students shall be allowed to vote in elections designed to promote careful consideration of the candidates and issues. In grades Pre-K-6, school personnel are encouraged to introduce students to principles of student government through school and class activities.
2. The responsibilities of the student government shall be subject to the regulations of the School Board and shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
a. Involvement in the process of developing policies for revisions and additions to the curriculum, school rules, and regulations;
b. Involvement in the formation of guidelines for co-curricular activities;
c. Involvement in allocating student funds, subject to established audit controls and the approval of the principal;
3. Representatives selected by the student government shall meet regularly with the principal or his/her designee to exchange views, to share in the formulation of the school’s student policies, and to consider revisions to the school's curriculum.

C. Expression and Association
Students of the school may exercise the right to wear or display political buttons, armbands, and other badges of
symbolic expression.

Publications:
1. Students shall be allowed to distribute political leaflets, newspapers, and other literature on school premises, without prior restraint or censorship, at specified times and places. The distribution may not include materials that are in poor taste, obscene or libelous. The principal and student government shall establish guidelines governing the time and place of distribution at sites that will not interfere with normal school activities.
2. Official school publications shall reflect, where possible, a wide spectrum of student opinions. The student editors shall be governed by standards of responsible journalism. The responsibility to determine whether specific materials comply with the standards of responsible journalism rests with the principal in accordance with district board policy.
3. Organizations and Clubs
Students may form clubs or organizations for any legal purpose. These organizations must be open to all students on an equal basis and must operate within procedural guidelines established by the student government and with the principal. Any such organization shall have a faculty advisor. Religious clubs or groups shall have a monitor, who shall be appointed by the principal after consultation with the student group. No appointment shall be cause to deny recognition to an organization. Organizations that meet these conditions shall have reasonable access to school facilities. Appeal of such decisions may be made in accordance with Section III of this document.

D. Privacy
1. Custody: Except in the most extreme circumstances, custody of a student shall not be relinquished by school
personnel to anyone without the approval of the parent/guardian. In every case of arrest, questioning authorities will
document the attempt to notify the student's parent/guardian (as per Board Policy 8.16).

2. Questioning: If Los Lunas School personnel, school resource officer, police authorities or non school authority desire
to question a student beyond a preliminary investigation on school premises regarding any alleged suspected criminal
acts by the student, school authorities shall attempt to contact the parent.

3. Student Records: Student records kept by the Los Lunas Schools will be open to review by parents/guardians and/or students and will be treated in a confidential manner, as prescribed by the New Mexico Public Education Department regulations, and the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974. An Instructional Procedural Directive implements this policy which is on file in all offices. The annual public notices regarding student records may be found in Section X of this document.

4. School Facilities: The schools will, insofar as possible, provide facilities for the storage of items needed during the school day and will inform the students that these facilities may be searched without their consent. However, facilities assigned to students will not be opened by school authorities except for general housekeeping purposes and in instances when, in the judgment of the principal or Security Resource Officer, the health, safety, or general welfare of the student(s) or school requires such action. A record of such searches will be maintained in the principal's office, to be destroyed at the end of the student's enrollment at that school. Neither the school nor the district can assume the responsibility for items stored in these facilities.

5. Search of Person or Vehicle: Searching a student's person, locker, backpack, or vehicle parked on school property may be conducted only if a certified school employee, school resource officer, or school bus driver notices or is suspicious of the arrangement of that student’s clothing, possessions, or actions which give the searcher reason to believe that a crime or breach of the disciplinary code is being committed by the student. Physical searching of a student's person may be conducted only by an authorized person who is of the same sex as the student, and—except when circumstances render it impossible—may only be conducted in the presence of another authorized person of the same sex in the presence of a school administrator. In the event of emergency, searches may be able to be conducted without administration being present, however must be conducted by school resource officer based on reasonable suspicion.

6. Waiver on Disclosure of Student Information: The Los Lunas Schools enforces the right to privacy of all students. Each school has developed a waiver form that grants permission for the release of information.

EQUAL OPPORTUNITY:
The Los Lunas Schools does not discriminate per Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975.

Anyone who believes he/she have been discriminated against because of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, age, citizenship status, or Vietnam era or special disabled veteran status may contact the Los Lunas Schools’ Equity Officer:

Brian Baca
Deputy Superintendent
District Equity Officer
Phone: (505) 865-9636
Fax: (505) 866-2459
E-mail: [email protected]

ANTI-RACISM/ANTI-OPPRESSION HOTLINE:
The New Mexico Public Education Department’s Anti-Racism, Anti-Oppression Hotline– 833-485-1335— is now live and available to students, families, and community members to report school-based incidents of racism, injustice, or discrimination against anyone. Callers will reach a trained department employee from 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday through Friday (if calling after hours, they can leave a message). The hotline was established as a requirement of the Black Education Act, passed in the 2021 General Session of the Legislature.

To report an incident, please choose any of the following options:
• Call: 833-485-1335
• Email: [email protected]
• Fill out an online form: bit.ly/ARAOHotline

LANGUAGE TRANSLATION AND INTERPRETATION SERVICES:

Please contact the school secretary to request a translator for essential school meetings such as: meetings with the nurse, social worker, counselor, parent-teacher conferences, home visits, communications with teacher(s). If you are in need of an interpreter for a Student Assistant Team (SAT) meeting, Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) meeting, or long-term hearing, you must request one at the time the meeting is scheduled. The district will secure a certified interpreter.
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